According to the CDC, very limited patients with rift valley fever report severe symptoms.u

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KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  1. The rift valley fever virus is transmitted between domesticated animals by mosquitoes and it then spreads to humans.
  2. The infection is caused by the RCF virus – a type of phlebovirus.
  3. This virus can spread when one comes in contact with the blood of an infected animal or drinks raw milk from infected poultry.
New Delhi: The third wave of the coronavirus pandemic subsided earlier than expected and with very cases – mostly mild infections. Now that we are gradually inching closer to the fourth wave of the infection, with the XE variant taking on, doctors have confirmed the existence of a viral disease that was earlier only reported in animals – the Rift Valley Fever. A viral disease, this one is commonly found in pets – however, it has now been detected in humans as well. Experts at the World Health Organisation fear that the same could become an epidemic. With that being said, keep reading to know the possible causes and symptoms of the infection that may spread from goats, camels, buffalo, and cattle to humans.

What is rift valley fever and what are its causes?

The rift valley fever virus is transmitted between domesticated animals by mosquitoes and it then spreads to humans. The infection is caused by the RCF virus – a type of phlebovirus. This virus can spread when one comes in contact with the blood of an infected animal or drinks raw milk from infected poultry. Research is still being conducted on the subject and experts are trying to establish better how the disease transmits from animals to people.

What are the symptoms of rift valley fever?

Once exposed to the rift valley fever virus, patients may show symptoms in two to six days’ time. The viral disease can give mild to severe symptoms. As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the virus can give symptoms like:
  1. Dizziness
  2. Back pain
  3. Muscle aches
  4. Fever
  5. Weakness

These symptoms may last for about a week if a patient has rift valley fever. Recovery time can last from two days to a week.

According to the CDC, very limited patients with rift valley fever report severe symptoms like:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Hemorrhagic fever
  3. Blood in stools
  4. Bleeding from the nose
  5. Vomiting blood
  6. Brain inflammation or encephalitis

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